Difference between revisions of "Creating a Translation"
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Latest revision as of 17:33, 19 April 2022
Unlike older versions of CollectiveAccess, version 1.0 and later are designed to be fully localizable. We are working to get CA translated for use in as many languages and locales as possible. If you wish to help us translate CA into your language, email us at email@example.com. Before beginning a translation, make sure it is not already listed on the current translations list below. To learn more about the mechanics of creating a new translation read on.
As of November 2012:
A status of "starting" means work is just beginning and the translation is not yet usable. "In-progress" translations are generally usable but may be missing translations.
Components of a translation
Translating CollectiveAccess into your own language requires that you translate three distinct sets of text:
- User interface text: like other localizable applications, CollectiveAccess has a list of text messages ("strings") that require translation. These messages are presented to users while the application runs and do not vary from installation to installation and configuration to configuration. Therefore all users of CollectiveAccess who speak a given language can benefit from a user interface text translation for that language.
- Date/time parser settings: the date and time parser – the piece of code that interprets and outputs dates – has its own language specific settings that must be defined in a translation. These settings include not only translations of the months of the year and other date-related text, but also locale-specific values that affect the formatting and presentation of dates. As with user interface text, these settings are generally useful to all speakers of a language. They do not vary between configurations.
- Installation profiles: profiles contain installation-specific configuration information about every data element in your system, as well as controlled lists, relationship qualifiers and more. The names, descriptions and values of these configuration elements are translated into your target language within the profile, and then loaded into the database at installation time. Since configuration profiles are often specific to a single user (or group of users), they usually contain only the language(s) used by the author. This means that even if there already exists user interface and data/time parser translations for your target language, it is likely you will still have to translate your desired installation profile.
The default language used in CollectiveAccess code is English, so all user interface text translations are from English to the target language. Similarly date/time parser settings are usually translated using the English settings file as a starting point. Pre-made installation profiles are in the preferred language of the author. All standards-based profiles created by the CollectiveAccess project use English.
Editing user interface text
CollectiveAccess uses the GNU GetText system for managing translations of user interface text. GetText stores both original English-language messages as well as translations in an editable file with the .po extenson. Using a special utility one can convert the .po file for use in the running application as an .mo file. Note that only .po files are editable. .mo files are derivatives designed for optimal performance.
User interface translations are stored in the app/locale directory. Each specific locale (a "locale" is the combination of a language and a culture) is represented with a directory. Inside each directory are two files: messages.po and messgages.mo
If you are starting a new translation you need to do the following:
- Decide what the locale code of your translation is. For example, if you are writing a translation specifically for use in Flemish-speaking Belgium then you would probably want to use the locale nl_BE. If it is a more general Dutch translation, then nl_NL is probably more appropriate (of course, an nl_NL translation already exists!) Note that the language always comes first and is lower case. The country comes second and is always upper-case. The language codes should adhere to the ISO-639-1 standard.
- Create a directory in app/locale for your new locale.
- Copy the messages.po file from the en_US directory to your new locale directory.
- Open and edit messages.po using a GetText-compatible editor such as POEdit and translate each English string into your target language. If using POEdit, the .mo file will be automatically created or updated every time you save your .po file.
Creating a localization file for the date/time parser
The next step is to localize the date/time parser. To do so copy the English language date/time parser settings file in app/lib/core/Parsers/TimeExpressionParser/en_US.lang to a file with your locale in the name in app/lib/core/Parsers/TimeExpressionParser and edit to suit. The file includes comments describing the meaning and format of various settings.
Localizing an installation profile
At this point you have a translated application. You still need a translated configuration, however. If you decide to use an existing installation_profile as the basis of your system then you will likely need to edit the profile adding localized text as needed. All display text in a profile is tagged with a locale string and supports specification of multiple locales. Simply add your translation alongside the existing text tagged with your selected locale.
In some cases the terminology used in the translations in app/locales are not quite what you want. Naturally, you can modify the terms used in the locale files to suit your purposes. However, this approach comes with a problem: you risk losing your changes when updating your CollectiveAccess installation, as the standard locale files in the update will overwrite your changes.
To avoid this problem, CollectiveAccess supports installation-specific locale files. Simply create a directory for your locale in app/locales/user and use it to house your custom messages.po and messages.mo. CollectiveAccess will always use an installation-specific locale, when present, in preference to the standard locale files.
Pawtucket uses a similar system for localization. It has locale files in app/locale and date/time parser settings in app/lib/core/Parsers/TimeExpressionParser.
Sharing your translation
We invite you to submit your translations for inclusion in the CollectiveAccess software distribution! If you wish to contribute please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
sphinx2022 developer (may already exist in new manual)